Abington Decorating Supplies,
135 Stimpson Avenue,
Northampton
NN1 4JN



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Wallpapers, Wall-coverings, Fabrics & much more.

Scion ADSfabrix now featuring a superb choice of Rugs and window accessories
Make your home beautiful with ADSfabrix
01604 232 141

For Trade paint ,primers and supplies contact

www.abingtondecoratingsupplies.co.uk

Abington Decorating Services

135 Stimpson Avenue

Northampton NN1 4JN

To contact ADSfabrix please ring or
email     sales@abingtondec.co.uk

www.abingtondecoratingsupplies.co.uk

www.tonyp.co.uk

MAIN TYPES OF FABRICS

Fabrics are all weaved, even when they have pattern applied afterwards. Non-woven types are included below, because we usually think of them as fabrics. More unconventional fabrics, like felt or suede, often give you a greater number of decorative prospects.

Appliqued fabrics are enjoyable to use as furnishings. Blended with patchwork, for instance, a very individualized fabric can be achieved. Crewelwork fabrics, involving stitches to produce a surface pattern, frequently on a ground cloth of thick woven cotton, are beautifully textural.

Fake fur can be startlingly effective as upholstery fabric too.

WOVEN AND NONWOVEN FABRICS

Boucle

Appropriate for furnishings, characterized by a looped surface.

Brocade

In the beginning made from silk, with rich surface pattern and matt background. Gold threads were laid in to emphasize.

Broderie anglaise

Natural cotton material, generally white-colored, with embroidered cut-out ‘lacy’ design.

Calico

Cream, plain-woven cotton, initially from Asia. May be bleached white.

Cambric

A strong, fine, creamy, plain-woven cotton, frequently treated giving it a little gloss. Employed for inner covers for bedroom pillows and duvet covers, becasue its close weave stops feathers from getting out.

Canvas

Otherwise known as duck, a robust, hefty fabric in linen or cotton, it is woven to make it water resistant. May be dyed or bleached; put to use in ships’ sails and awnings.

Chenille

From the French, which means caterpillar. Initially produced from wool or cotton, it has a thicker, soft pile that drapes nicely.

Corduroy

Historically heavy, cotton material with evenly spaced, ribbed pile running along the length of the fabric.

Damask

In the past woven for fine table- linens. Damask is a fine textile, with a reversible pattern produced by the weaving procedure. Generally it is a single hue all the way through.

Dobby cloth

Woven on dobby loom, with basic, small, regularly recurring woven elements.

Doublecloth

Robust, reversible fabric, composed of 2 individual but intertwined fabrics.

Felt

Produced from a mass of wool or hair pulped alongside one another until matted and reduced. Will not fray if cut.

Flannel

A smooth fabric produced from wool, historically employed as suiting but great for furnishings as well.

Gauze

Delicate, sheer fabric; a few warp threads are twisted for a very slight consistency.

Gingham

Plain-weave natural cotton: checked design mixes white and one additional hue.

Hessian

Coarse-fibred jute textile useful for sacking - also furnishings. Firmer, thin widths are utilized as webbing tape.

Jacquard

Elaborately patterned, reversible fabric; takes name from French loom.

Jute

Fibrous fabric from plant stems, employed as yarn for weaving hessian.

Kelim

Weaved like tapestry, produced from natural cotton or wool, and characterized by slim slits between the areas of pattern.

Lace

Sophisticated openwork elaborately patterned fabric, produced by turning and knotting threads. Historically cotton.

Linen

Robust fabric woven from flax. Has a tendency to crease, however this looks stylish.

Madras

Affordable, vibrantly checked and striped, plain-weave Indian cotton.

Moire

A finely ribbed fabric, generally silk or acetate, with rippling surface design.

Muslin

Plain-weave cotton; either extremely sheer and fine or rough (similar to cheescloth).

Ottoman

Excellent as an upholstery fabric; it's a firm and glossy, horizontally ribbed, cloth, frequently created using a silk warp and a cotton weft.

Percale

Extremely fine, high-quality natural cotton.

Poplin

At first created from silk and wool, but in recent times from cotton (Egyptian) and with a rather sleek surface. Poplin features a fine cross-ribbed pattern, that is created using weft threads which are thicker than those of the warp threads.

Satin

A plain, tightly woven silk having a sleek and shiny surface. The wrong side of the fabric features a more matt finish. Satin is resembled by the less- expensive cotton- or wool-based cloth known as sateen.

Silk

Silk is among the most high quality of furnishing fabrics although not always the priciest - particularly plain silks and silk blends. It requires protection from strong sunshine and since it will show water marks it must be dry cleaned only.

Taffeta

A plain woven cloth with delicate surface ribs, historically made out of silk. Shot-silk taffeta, in which the warp and weft threads are in different hues, gives the fabric the look of shifting colour when light falls on the surface as it moves.

Tapestry

Primarily hand stitched in silk or wool, frequently illustrating a pictorial scene. Presently tapestries can be produced by jacquard looms.

Ticking

A robust, tightly weaved twill that forms a herringbone stripe, generally known as mattress ticking. It is used in pillow cases and bed mattresses and often woven with a contrast black, red or blue stripe against an off-white ground.

Tweed

A plain or twill weave from wool, usually in 2 or more colours to produce a checked design.

Twill

A simple weave having a diagonal grain which can be woven in any fibre.

Velvet

This is the thicker, luxurious fabric having a heavy pile, that is produced by either lifting the warp threads over wires and then cutting the loop (referred to as cut pile) or weaving 2 cloths at the same time face-to-face, and after that cutting them away from each other to create 2 individual velvet piles. Velvet is glossy and can be woven in silk, linen, mohair and man made materials, having a distinct finish resulting from each.

Wool

Wool can be used as a furnishing fabric - for instance wool tartan (valued because of its patterning), chenille, even damask. Worsted, a combed wool provides a solid, sleek finish.

PRINTED FABRICS

Batik

A decorative process for incorporating pattern to fabric. A pattern is drawn on in melted wax. The fabric is dyed, but the dye does not sink into the fabric where the wax occurs. The wax is taken off, leaving behind the pattern.

Block print

Printing making use of carved wood blocks carried out by hand. Important type of printing prior to the mid-eighteenth century.

Chintz

From the Hindu term chitta. Traditionally a painted or printed cotton fabric from Asia, this fabric historically shows the tree of life, blossoms and vegetation, and so forth. Today, it is used to describe a glazed fabric with floral printed design.

Paisley

Stylized curving floral or fruit forms, from designs coming from Asia. The pattern may also be woven.

Toile de Jouy

Depicts light-hearted pastoral or pictorial vistas in one hue on an off-white ground.

The design started in the 18th century in the French city of Jouy-en-Josas.


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